Originally an idea derived from German philosopher, Gerd Achenbach, this approach to counselling, used worldwide, employs philosophical insights and techniques to help people think about their lives. Problems are not seen as illnesses to be cured, and emotions are not regarded as mental states inside an individual. Emotions are seen as moral indicators, and are socially, culturally and morally situated. Therefore psychological theories are not used. Instead philosophical counsellors engage with clients (individuals or groups) in a philosophical dialogue which aims to help one think more clearly and deeply about the issues involved. Its value is often a revitalisation of the thinking process and the acquisition of philosophical skills and attitudes, as well as arriving at solutions.